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Electronics For You
March  2020   Issue Vol. 52  No. 3 

AUTOMOTIVE
A Concept Of Green Cars With Futuristic Designs
Application of new materials, lightweight structures, vehicle safety and environmental regulations, hybrid vehicles, such energy systems as fuel cells, intelligent control systems, telematics, human-machine interactions, global manufacturing logistics and so on are changing the automotive industry into a complex interdisciplinary system

SMART WORLD
A New World Of Possibilities With Reality 4.0
Extended reality (XR) tools must be developed and deployed in a responsible way for them to become part of daily lives in homes and offices
SOLAR
SunBOT: Solar Cells That Track The Sun Like A Sunflower
Present-day commercial silicon solar cells have about 22 per cent efficiency. One of the most efficient ways to increase photovoltaic performance is integrating heliotropism, that is, the ability to track the Sun across the sky, using solar cells for more efficient photon collection
 
MANUFACTURE
How Remanufacturing Can Offer Brighter Future
Compared with manufacturing, remanufacturing (different from recycling) uses as little as ten per cent energy and raw materials, while lowering carbon-dioxide emissions by more than eighty per cent
TWISTRONICS
How Twisting Changes Properties Of 2D Materials
The ability to tune properties of a layered material by varying the twist angle provides the possibility for a single material to perform a variety of functions instead of using many materials for different functions
 
ELECTRIC VEHICLES
Solar Energy And EV Charging Infrastructure
e-Mobility and electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure are some of the key focus areas, and relentless research is being done to address high performance in all functional blocks
TEST & MEASUREMENT
Benefits Of System-On-Chip And In-Circuit Testing
Automation of the testing process enables manufacturers to check each finished product rapidly and consistently. This also increases speed and overall quality levels
 
DO-IT-YOURSELF
Make Your Own Dual-Voltage Rechargeable Torch Light
The purpose of this circuit is to create a new topology with good power factor maintained at AC voltage input, to provide good efficiency output to the battery and to increase its life
eSTYLE
First Look: Some New Gadgets
• Cinema TV
• Smartphone
• Party speaker
• Wireless noise-cancelling headphones
• Indoor security cameras
• Power bank
• Fitness band
 
SMART WORLD
Role Of Blockchain In Green Energy
Besides doing away with the need for a centralised electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure, blockchain eases trading between consumers and charging stations or transport providers
CYBERSECURITY
Supervising Your AI With The Red Team
We have supervised machine learning as a concept but supervising artificial intelligence (AI) itself has not been deeply thought out. In this article we focus on ongoing controls over the AI solution and see what involves supervising AI and elaborate on the concept of a red team in the context of AI solutions
 
DO-IT-YOURSELF
Make Your Own Breadboard Switch-Mode Power Supply
Some breadboard power supplies have adjustable voltage linear regulators to control the required output voltages. Efficiency of the linear regulators decrease as output power increases
DO-IT-YOURSELF
Make This Joystick-Controlled Industrial Automation System
This project can be used to control up to four industrial electrical appliances with the help of a joystick and an Arduino Nano board
Download source code
 
eSTYLE
Buyers’ Guide: Say Goodbye To Your Bai, Thanks To A Cleaning Robot!
How many times have you been worried when your cleaning lady (bai, in Hindi language) took a leave without informing you? Or when she was not on time? No matter who does it, cleaning floors manually is tedious and time-consuming
SMART WORLD
How Ready Are Indian Cities For Electric Vehicles?
It is crucial to know city-level requirements before designing a business model for viable adoption of EVs on a bigger scale
 
MIXED REALITY
How AR And VR Can Be Applied To Marketing
Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) technologies are making the in-store experience truly fun and innovative. They improve interactivity, level of engagement and offer great excitement
TECH FOCUS
Intelligent Connectivity Driving The Future Of Transportation And Mobility Systems
In spite of improving technologies, vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) for effective data sharing through reliable wireless communication between vehicles remain a topic of discussion even now
 
DESIGN
How AI Is Redefining The Design Industry
A massive revolution is near as smart devices proliferate the world, driven by technology trends like ubiquitous connectivity, cloud computing, artificial intelligence (AI) and low-cost sensors. Existing products are getting smarter, and a whole new range of devices is emerging that can make lives more convenient, safer and entertaining
MARKET SURVEY
Opportunities And Forecasts In EV Market
World Economic Forum recently released a report on the electric vehicle (EV) ecosystem stating India has the potential to become the largest EV market in the world. But the role of the government is crucial for accelerating adoption in addition to long-term investment in research and development (R&D) to create sustained growth
 
FACTS & FIGURES
Delhi Electric Vehicle Policy
Following are the key provisions under Delhi Electric Vehicle Policy 2019
INTERVIEW
“There is always a trade-off between quality and cost” — Robert John Webber, field application engineer, Harwin
Electromagnetic (EMC) shielding prevents damage to electronic components by protecting PCB elements and associated hardware from electromagnetic interference (EMI). Robert John Webber, field application engineer, Harwin, discusses the role of interconnect devices and EMC shielding in manufacturing in an interaction with Ayushee Sharma
 
INTERVIEW
“As the overall economy turns up, all segments will pick up in the future” — Jimmy Wong, regional sales supervisor, Mornsun
The Indian electronics market is full of opportunities and challenges. Online and e-commerce will open more opportunities for manufacturers and distributors to connect with their customers worldwide. Jimmy Wong, regional sales supervisor, Mornsun, in a discussion with Deepshikha Shukla, explains how with fast service response and technical support they will bring customers’ favourable designs to life faster and more efficiently
INTERVIEW
“EV batteries are getting bigger and so are charging power requirements” — Niranjan S. Nayak, business head, Delta Electronics India Pvt Ltd
Basic understanding of modern power electronics devices is essential in automotive or the electronics design/manufacturing industry due to their revolutionary role in energy conservation for high-efficiency automotive and non-automotive applications. Niranjan S. Nayak, business head, Delta Electronics India Pvt Ltd, discusses the technical requirements for developing various such solutions, with a focus on electric vehicle (EV) automotive applications, with Ayushee Sharma
 
BROADCAST
The Journey Of TV Technology In India
Today, public demand is towards video information and entertainment, and preferred choice of the user terminal is the ever-present smartphone
STARTUP ZONE
Leap Motion Controller
In future, there will be two worlds, one where you interact naturally and in 3D, and another where you will need controllers to act. Tracking and mid-air haptics are transforming interactions of the virtual world. These can revolutionise 3D automotive controls, bringing the sense of touch into virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR)
 
STARTUP ZONE
Technology To Save Water And Boost Immunity
The most precious thing on Earth is water. To avoid wastage and save water should be the primary responsibilities of every individual on Earth. With depleting accessibility of freshwater, water conservation and saving initiatives are increasing to save water for future generations. Any given reverse osmosis (RO) water purifier discards two to three glasses of water to extract one glass of purified drinking water. But now we can save every single drop of water with aqua reverse technology (ART)
DO-IT-YOURSELF
Make This Noise Detector For A Noise-Free Zone
‘Please Keep Silence!’ You must have seen this message written in such places as libraries and offices. But some people tend to, intentionally or unintentionally, make noise in such silence zones, disturbing others. What if there was a device that could help maintain silence in such silence areas?
Download source code
 
DO-IT-YOURSELF
Monitor Process And Graphical Trending Using MATLAB
This project deals with the implementation of a process monitoring system using Arduino and MATLAB graphical user interface (GUI). One of the major application areas in instrumentation engineering deals with monitoring of various process parameters such as temperature, pressure, level, flow rate, pH, conductivity, viscosity, etc
Download source code
eSTYLE
Buyers’ Guide: Top Passenger EVs Launched At Auto Expo 2020
To combat escalating pollution, car companies all over the world are finding solutions to replace conventional vehicles. CNG vehicles have become popular in several countries, but according to car experts, CNG does not prevent pollution completely. A number of solar and electric vehicles (EVs) have been unleashed in few past years. However, so far, only solar-powered e-rickshaws are available in India
 
eSTYLE
Healthcare: What To Look For In Air Purifiers
There is a general perception that a house provides a protective shield from outdoor toxic air pollution. But very few people know that indoor air is as bad as outdoor air. Indoor air is, in fact, much more polluted. Studies indicate that carbon-dioxide and various gases in the form of volatile organic compounds are present indoors as the main pollutants, which are hazardous. These pollutants get much more concentrated inside the home
REGULARS
Software and Apps
• Software For Automotive And Electric Vehicles
• Mobile Apps For Automotive And Electric Vehicles
 
SMART WORLD
Innovation: A Keyboard For Indian Language Text Entry
The keyboard has brought significant simplicity to the layout of Indic languages
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
AI In Modern Logistics, Transportation And Smart Roads
Logistics is a vital part of every business model. It forms an important part of the supply chain that involves planning, implementation, forwarding and reversing the flow of goods, services and related information from the origin to the recipient. Artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionsing logistics and supply chain management in a big way
 
MY STORY
Simarpreet Singh, Founder-Director, Hartek Solar
Simarpreet Singh joined the family business with the hope of doing something remarkable for society. His hard and valuable work did not go unnoticed, and he was listed among the prestigious Forbes 30 Under 30 Asia achievers in 2018! His journey in the solar energy sector of India has been challenging as well as rewarding
STARTUP ZONE
How The IoT Is Being Utilised For A Cleaner India
Rising population and urbanisation in India has led to a massive increase in waste generation. Ensuring better living conditions by providing a clean environment is the primary focus of any smart city. This requires efficient waste management for proper disposal and recovery, which presents a huge market opportunity. Founded in 2018, IIT-Madras-incubated startup Antariksh Waste Ventures (AirB.in) aims to digitise the waste management ecosystem by using the Internet of Things (IoT) to streamline the waste collection process
 
DO-IT-YOURSELF
Make A Hi-Fi Stereo Audio Amplifier Using LA4601
Here is a simple 4W audio stereo power amplifier using a ten-pin LA4601 IC. Only a few passive components, including ceramic and electrolytic capacitors, are used in this circuit. The 9V DC power supply helps obtain 4W stereo output
eSTYLE
E-Commerce: The Escalating Trend Of Online Shopping Continues
The emerging retail industry in India has also given space for online shopping to gain traction among consumers in numerous ways since the early 2000s. A retailers’ association has stated that online shopping has proven to be beneficial for them as it gained popularity rapidly. Retailers enjoy the online shopping market because of superior customer service, global reach, mass customisation, specialised stores and no costs in real estate. It is not only convenient and fast but also turns out to be many times cheaper for consumers
 
REGULARS
Tech News: Technology Updates
• Autonomous vehicles could benefit health if cars are electric, shared
• Smart intersections could reduce autonomous car congestion
• Researchers build the first living robots
• Nano-thin flexible touchscreens could be printed like newspaper
• Researchers reveal new Chameleon attack that can secretly modify content on Facebook, Twitter or LinkedIn
STARTUP ZONE
A Fully-Electric Performance Motorcycle
Why do many people hesitate to go electric? The main reason is range. What exactly is range? Just like mileage is distance travelled per litre of fuel, range of an electric vehicle (EV) is total distance driven on one full charge of the battery pack. And just like mileage of an internal combustion engine (ICE), range of an EV is also affected by circumstantial and environmental changes, such as city versus highway, road conditions, age of vehicle, operating temperatures, average weight riding and so on
 
STARTUP ZONE
AI-Based Intelligent Baggage Scanner System
With millions of people travelling during the holidays, it is a busy time for any airport and/or metro station. Long lines, delays and pushing carry-ons into a scanner are common things people encounter. Currently, information is sent to the computer it is connected to, which identifies the objects using identification algorithms. Algorithms calculate z effective number (number of protons in a nucleus) and mass density of objects in the bag to construct an image showing the position of objects and their density. That is how existing technology differentiates flour from cocaine, talcum powder from explosive ones and regular plastic from a bomb casing
DO-IT-YOURSELF
Build This IoT-Based Smart Home Controller Using Blynk
Presented here is an Internet of Things (IoT)-based controller for a smart home. This project can be used to control any four home electrical appliances such as lights, fans, air-conditioners and water pumps from the smartphone
Download source code
 
REGULARS
Industry News: Industry Updates
• India emerging as the world’s second largest cellphone manufacturing hub
• EVs to become cheaper than ICE vehicles in three years
• India targets capacity of 450GW of renewable energy by 2030
Next Issue...


Designing Drones for Healthcare


Is Learning from AI Flop Shows a Good Idea?


Courier Industries: Opportunities for Electronics


Use of AI in Telemedicine and Telehealth

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April 2020
Issue Vol. 52 No. 4


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